Navajo Endorse Red Rock Wilderness Act

Comb Wash in Bears Ears National Monument is one of the roadless areas within America’s Red Rock Wilderness Act. Photo George Wuerthner 

The Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance’s (SUWA) 8-million-acre wilderness proposal S. 1535 “America’s Red Rock Wilderness Act” just got an important endorsement from the Dine or Navajo Tribe.

President Biden recently expanded the Bears Ears National Monument. Photo George Wuerthner 


The Navajo Reservation borders many of these public lands proposed for wilderness designation. The lands in America’s Red Rock Wilderness Act have critical cultural and historical importance to the Navajo. Therefore, the tribe is to be commended for supporting the SUWA proposal (map).

Pothole in the Maze, Canyonlands NP. Photo George Wuerthner 

But even more importantly, their resolution also brings attention to the severe threat climate change poses to the planet.

Oil and gas pads spread out across the land south of Vernal, Utah. Photo George Wuerthner

“Our support for this Congressional bill sends a message that the Navajo Nation is concerned about climate change and the impact on our environment,” said Delegate Herman Daniels, Jr.

San Juan River. Photo George Wuerthner 

The tribe, in its statement, went further to say: “The Navajo Nation Council also recognizes that one of the best tools the U.S. Congress has to help meet the President’s “30×30″ goal is to legislatively designate all of the qualified undeveloped public lands in Utah as Wilderness pursuant to the Wilderness Act of 1964.”

Labyrinth Canyon. Photo George Wuerthner 

The U.S. Geological Survey estimates about one-quarter of all U.S. carbon emissions come from fossil fuels extracted from public lands.

Dirty Devil Canyon. Photo George Wuerthner 

The Navajo Council stated that “management of Wilderness is one of the strongest and most protective designations available to public lands and will keep fossil fuels in the ground so that greenhouse gases and other pollution that exacerbates climate change will not be produced during the exploration, development and eventual combustion of those natural resources.”

Mule Canyon. Photo George Wuerthner 

Scientists estimate that the lands proposed for protection currently sequester and store 247 million metric tons of organic carbon in plants and soils.

Wilderness designation will protect cultural ruins like this one in Bears Ears National Monument. Photo George Wuerthner 

The tribe also notes that wilderness designation will preserve the cultural art, cliff dwellings, and other historic/prehistoric and culturally significant sites of all previous people who inhabited the area.

River House Ruins, San Juan River Canyon, Photo George Wuerthner

Research shows that ancient cultural artifacts are more likely to be vandalized or looted if an ORV route is located nearby, and wilderness designation precludes ORV and other mechanical access. The Utah Professional Archaeological Council, which endorsed America’s Red Rock Wilderness Act in 1995, finds that: “maintaining roadless areas is the largest and least costly deterrent to pothunting, inadvertent driving over sites, and vandalism.”

America’s Red Rock Wilderness Act was introduced into the Senate by Senator Dick Durbin of Illinois would protect one of the iconic and spectacular landscapes in the world. One of the special attributes of Southern Utah’s canyon country is the combination of spacious views with intimate details in canyon recesses.

Book Cliffs near Green River, Utah. Photo George Wuerthner 

The legislation includes many proposed wilderness designations within the Bears Ears National Monument, which President Biden recently expanded to protect one of the best collections of Anasazi ruins.

Grand Gulch is located within Bears Ears National Monument. Photo George Wuerthner 

The Bears Ears proposed wilderness wildernesses include Arch Canyon (approximately 30,500 acres), Fish and Owl Creek Canyon (about 74,000 acres), Grand Gulch (approximately 161,000 acres), and Comb Ridge (approximately 16,000 acres).

The Escalante River within Grand Staircase Escalante National Monument. Photo George Wuerthner 

Large, proposed wilderness areas within the Grand Staircase Escalante National Monument (GSENM) include portions of the Escalante River drainage and Kaiparowits Plateau.

America’s Red Rock Wilderness Act will protect the headwaters of the Paria River. The dark spot in the bottom of the photo is a hiker within the depths of the Paria Canyon, within the existing Paria Canyon Vermillion Cliffs Wilderness. Photo George Wuerthner

Significant roadless areas within the GSENM include Paria-Hackberry (approximately 196,000 acres),  Death Hollow (about 50,000 acres),  Paria-Hackberry (approximately 196,000 acres), Upper Kanab Creek (approximately 51,000 acres), Fiftymile Mountain (approximately 207,000 acres), North Escalante Canyons (about 182,000 acres).


Arch Canyon. Photo George Wuerthner 

Outside of these two monuments, other important roadless lands that S. 1535 includes parts of the Great Basin in the area known as the West Desert of Utah.  Some fantastic mountain ranges are found here, including the Deep Creek Mountains, Wah Wah Mountains, and House Range.

Deep Creek Range attains heights of 12,000 feet. Photo George Wuerthner 

Expanding the protection of Canyonlands National Park are several large roadless areas that are included in the S. 1535, such as Labyrinth Canyon (approximately 83,000 acres), San Rafael River (about 117,000 acres), and Hatch Point Canyons/Lockhart Basin (approximately 150,500 acres).

Hikers in a narrow part of of Little Wild Horse Canyon, San Rafael Swell. Photo George Wuerthner 

To the west of Canyonlands lies the San Rafael Swell. Here are some significant wildlands, including Factory Butte (approximately 22,000 acres), San Rafael Reef (about 53,000 acres), and Wild Horse Mesa (approximately 63,000 acres).

Morning Glory Arch near Moab. Photo George Wuerthner 

Near Moab, S. 1535 would protect Morning Glory (approximately 11,000 acres,  Behind the Rocks (about 19,500 acres), Westwater Canyon (approximately 39,000 acres), and Mill Creek (approximately 17,000 acres) roadless areas.


Desolation Canyon. Photo George Wuerthner 

The Green River has carved Desolation Canyon through the Book Cliffs, north of Green River, Utah. Larger roadless areas within the Book Cliffs are Desolation Canyon (approximately 332,000 acres) and Diamond Canyon (about 168,000 acres).

Page Stegner rafting Desolation Canyon of the Green River. Photo George Wuerthner

Roadless land proposed for wilderness in the drainages that feed into Glen Canyon National Recreation Area include Dark Canyon (approximately 138,000 acres) and the Dirty Devil (about 245,000 acres).

Henry Mountains from Waterpocket Fold. Photo George Wuerthner 

The Henry Mountains rise above the Red Rock Canyon country south of Hanksville and include significant roadless lands include Mount Ellen-Blue Hills (approximately 145,000 acres) and Mount Pennell (about 155,000 acres).

There is a vastness to the Red Rock landscape of southern Utah that is globally unique and must be protected as wilderness forever. Photo George Wuerthner 

All of these areas and many more included in S.1535 deserve complete wilderness protection for all the reasons the Navajo people support the legislation. It will protect wildlands values, cultural resources, wildlife, and most importantly, contribute to reducing climate warming by keeping carbon in the ground.

Caineville Mesa. Photo George Wuerthner 

For more information, see SUWA’s website.


  1. Ida Lupine Avatar
    Ida Lupine

    Great news!

  2. Beeline Avatar

    It is very mooooooving legislation, but don’t throw your rubber boots away just yet.

    Section 206-Livestock-states:

    “Within the wilderness areas designated under Title !, the grazing of livestock authorized on the date of enactment of this Act shall be permitted to continue subject to such reasonable regulations and procedures as the Secretary considers necessary as long as the regulations and procedures are consistent with- (1) the Wilderness Act and Section 101 (1) of the Arizona Desert Wilderness Act.

    Does the BLM even know what reasonable regulations are? How can cows be consistent with wilderness? How about special disguises for them like rubber antlers. We can call them “Special Mountain Deer” or maybe Utahian Wilder Beasts.

    Use your imagination as you dodge cow pies and swat flies.

  3. Chris Zinda Avatar
    Chris Zinda

    SUWA will water this down as they did with the San Rafael Swell Western Conservation and Recreation Area.

    Conservation is what conservation does which is NEVER preservation.

    Wilderness means nothing.

    Thanks, GW et. al.

  4. Chris Zinda Avatar
    Chris Zinda

    *western heritage*

  5. Chris Zinda Avatar
    Chris Zinda

    THIS is what conservationists *of any race/cultural construct* believe: never a carrying capacity, forever expanding the virtue of wreckreation.

  6. Chris Zinda Avatar
    Chris Zinda

    Let’s put it this way: Conservation is greenwashing.

    Wilderness without carrying capacity is greenwashing.

  7. Ida Lupine Avatar
    Ida Lupine

    I hope that these issues can be ironed out. But at least there is protection where there wasn’t before, I hope!


George Wuerthner is an ecologist and writer who has published 38 books on various topics related to environmental and natural history. He has visited over 400 designated wilderness areas and over 200 national park units.

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George Wuerthner