Chainsaw Medicine in the Gravelly Range (Greenhorn Vegetation Project)

The Gravelly Range lies west of Ennis, Montana. Photo George Wuerthner

The 17,000-acre plus Greenhorn “Vegetation” Project in the Gravelly Range of the Beaverhead Deer Lodge National Forest (BDNF) is yet another destructive proposal designed to provide wood for the timber industry and fodder for the livestock industry.

Vegetation management is a euphemism for logging trees and burning sagebrush (to favor grasses for ranchers).

All these “vegetation treatments” will degrade the BDNF lands and harm the wildlife, including grizzly bears, bighorn sheep, elk, sage grouse and trout. The Greenhorn Project is nothing more than another subsidy to the timber and livestock industries.

Domestic sheep grazing is a major impact on the ecological integrity of the Gravelly Range. Photo George Wuerthner

The BDNF says the forests within the project area are too dense due to fire “suppression” but admits the natural fire rotation is more than two hundred years. Thus, forest density is natural since we have not had successful (if at all) fire suppression for more than 50 years.

Trees in Gravelly Range killed by bark beetles remain storing carbon and providing habitat for many wildlife species. Photo George Wuerthner

However, the Forest Service asserts that if this natural density of the forest is not logged, the forest will be die from heaven forbid natural mortality factors as drought, insects, or wildfire.

Nevertheless, we are told they must log (i.e., kill) trees with chainsaws to improve “forest health,” and “clean up the forest.” It brings forth an image of someone running around with a vacuum cleaner and dust mop, tidying up the mess that Nature has produced.

Using similar logic, perhaps we should shoot people over 50 who might die of a heart attack., cancer, and so forth. A reduction in the density of older people would definitely “improve” the health of our human population.

Now, I will admit that we don’t know which people will die from these diseases, any more than the Forest Service can predict which trees might die from disease or drought. Some people have a genetic resistance to cancer or heart disease, but we don’t know which people we might shoot have such genetic traits.

Gravlley Range forest stands have varying genetic resistant to bark beetles, drought, and even wildfire. A logger with a chain saw has no idea which trees have these genetic traits. Logging thus degrades the forest health. Photo George Wuerthner

Like people, some trees have greater genetic resistance to insects and drought and are better adapted to survive a wildfire. But we don’t know which trees possess such traits. Thus, in effect, the non-selective killing of trees degrades the forest’s health and decreases its ability to cope with changing climate.

The BDNF also asserts that thinning will reduce wildfire. But the science shows that opening up the forest canopy alters the micro-climate and dries fuels and permits greater wind penetration—both proven to increase fire spread.

One can’t predict where a fire, insect, or other sources of mortality will occur. With fires, for instance, the probability that any treated area will encounter a blaze is around 1-2% but we will suffer the damage resulting from “vegetation treatments” over 100% of the area.

The BDNF proposes burning over 3000 acres of sagebrush. Sagebrush has no adaptations to fire. Burning sagebrush in this day and age when we recognize how critical sagebrush ecosystems are for numerous wildlife species like sage grouse is legalized vandalism.

Worst for the planet, logging and wood processing release far more carbon than a wildfire. The snag forests left after a wildfire store lots of carbon in their boles, roots, and as charcoal in the soil. Even if insects, drought, or fire kill the trees, they remain standing storing carbon for decades.

By contrast, logging trees and wood processing releases far more carbon into the atmosphere. Plus when the Forest Service suggests they are “saving” the forest, they never count the trees they have killed with chain saws as a loss. Yet research suggests that when trees killed by logging are combined with any trees subsequently killed by wildfire or other causes, the overall loss is much greater than any natural factor alone.

Logging removes carbon from the forest and releases it into the atmosphere contributing to climate warming. Photo George Wuerthner 

The most significant source of GHG emissions in Oregon is the timber industry. It is even greater than all the cars, planes, and other transportation.

Part of the justification for the project is that 70% of the project area is the Wildlands Urban Interface (WUI). But like everything the Forest Service does to rationale logging, they distort the definition of interface. Fuel reductions more than 100 feet from a structure provide no additional safety. Meanwhile, the FS designates a WUI that is often a mile or more from any home so they can justify logging.

The way to protect homes is to avoid building them in fire-prone landscapes in the first place, and for those houses already in such location, reducing the flammability of the structure is by far the most effective treatment, not trying to fire-proof the forest.

Chainsaw medicine is the problem, not the cure.






  1. Jeff Hoffman Avatar
    Jeff Hoffman

    Couldn’t agree more with this. There are two fundamental problems here:

    First, the moneyed interests. Logging is generally subsidized with OUR tax money, but logging companies and loggers make money from it. As Upton Sinclair said, it’s almost impossible to convince someone that what they’re doing is wrong if their living depends on them doing it. The only solution is for the government to stop subsidizing logging, which would put most of these companies out of business.

    Second, there’s the egotistic attitude that humans need to manage the natural world. Even many Natives had this attitude, which manifested in activities like burning grasslands. The only solution to this problem that I can think of is for people to evolve mentally and spiritually so their egos are a lot smaller, and they realize that nature doesn’t need to be managed by humans.

  2. Jannett Avatar

    Our federal branches that control our forest need to do a greater environmental assessment. Soon they will have nothing left to destroy. Changes is needed in how our environment is managed. Climate change is real.

  3. Atlas Avatar

    Any merit to this then? “More Reliable Carbon Sink Than Trees” this is an article on a UC Davis study.

    1. Jeff Hoffman Avatar
      Jeff Hoffman

      No. Killing native plants and animals for any reason other than to eat them is wrong, and is ecologically harmful. Claiming that humans should replace native forests with grasslands because the grasslands will absorb more CO2 is the height of wrongful reductionist thinking. Forests and their trees are a natural and necessary part of their ecosystems and of the web of life, and human destruction of them can only be harmful.

      Real environmentalists don’t obsess on global warming/climate change to the exclusion of other environmental and ecological issues, despite the fact that the SYMPTOM of global warming/climate change is an existential problem that must be addressed in order to avoid catastrophic effects.

  4. Ida Lupine Avatar
    Ida Lupine

    ^^”The study does not suggest that grasslands should replace forests on the landscape or diminish the many other benefits of trees.”

    This bothers me. Trees are the one hope of having any chance of mitigating climate change, and yet we are still logging and tearing them down for development at pace, and ironically, to build solar and wind farms!

    1. Jeff Hoffman Avatar
      Jeff Hoffman

      Humans seem intent on maintaining and expanding their lifestyles and population, regardless of the fact that doing so is killing the planet and all the life here. The phony “green” energy movement is a perfect example of that. There’s no such thing as “green” energy (read Bright Green Lies or stream its video for details). We either live naturally in ecologically proper numbers, or we harm the natural environment; there’s no having our cake and eating it too.

  5. lov Avatar

    I’m pretty fed up with the USFS adding new justifications for doing what they have always done: favor one multiple use over another, and not the most beneficial to the public. Why does the native vegetation and wildlife get ignored in favor of consumptive uses that only benefit a relative few private individuals.

  6. David Buell Avatar
    David Buell

    This is past pathetic! Destroying such an important part of keeping a healthy ecosystem. Follow the money trail.


George Wuerthner is an ecologist and writer who has published 38 books on various topics related to environmental and natural history. He has visited over 400 designated wilderness areas and over 200 national park units.

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George Wuerthner