Kathie Lynch reports on the Druids and Sloughs as mating season nears

Kathie Lynch has another of her great northern range wolf reports. This one focuses on the fast approaching mating season, a time of year when new bonds are temporarily, and sometimes permanently formed, and as it has been discovered in recent genetic research on the Yellowstone wolves, there is much outbreeding from many packs (and no inbreeding). Ralph Maughan

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YNP WOLF Notes, December 22-29, 2007. By Kathie Lynch. Copyright.

The 16 wolves of the Druid Peak pack put on a great show over the holidays. The cast of characters includes the alpha pair (480M and 569F), plus everyone’s favorite beta male (302M). There are six yearling females (three grays: 571F, “High Sides,” and “Low Sides”—nicknamed for the depth of the dark saddle markings on their backs, and three blacks: “Bright Bar,” “Dull Bar,” and “Vertical Line”—nicknamed for their white chest markings). There are also four gray and three black pups.

Even though it is still a month before the breeding season, there is already a lot of jockeying for dominance position in the packs and interest in checking out the opposite sex. With six female yearlings who will be ready to breed for the first time in February, the Druids are already attracting a lot of attention.

Two very interested would be suitors are “The Light Gray Male” and “The Dark Gray Male.” We have no idea where they came from or who they are, but “The Dark Gray Male” is the same one who has been trying to join the Druids since late November. The Druid pups and yearlings think that the two interlopers are great, and they love to play or flirt with them. Even the alphas don’t seem to mind them. However, 302M will absolutely not allow the two interlopers to join.

302M is constantly on the lookout and takes every opportunity to chase them away with a vengeance. Since the two interlopers are independent of each other, as soon as 302M takes off chasing one, the other seizes the chance to sneak in. Even with his massive bulk and advanced age (7 ½ years), 302M pours his heart and soul into protecting his family from these outsiders. It is especially amusing to the wolf watchers who witnessed the exact same scenario several years ago, as the late, great Druid alpha 21M chased away would be suitor 302M!

The upshot is that various Druid yearling females go off for several hours (or even perhaps overnight!) with one or the other of the interloping gray males. In fact, one day I saw “High Sides” feeding on a bison carcass (believed to be winter killed) with “The Dark Gray Male.” After they disappeared into the trees, she returned five minutes later with “The Light Gray Male”! We have even seen the alpha female, 569F, consorting with “The Light Gray Male”—surely all too much for 302M to take!

The Druids have plenty of time for fun and games too. Whether tumbling and sliding down a snowy bank or chasing a quick red fox over hill and dale, the pups just want to have fun. I even saw what I thought was an amazing example of inter-species play between a pup and a magpie! The black pup wagged its tail and watched the bird as it hopped on the ground, just out of reach. The pup would take several steps toward the magpie, and the bird would jump out of reach on the ground or up onto a low branch. The bird led the pup around and around a tree trunk, yet the pup never made a lunge to try to catch the bird. I am absolutely convinced that the two were actually playing together.

While the Druids were the main attraction, the Slough Creek pack made a couple of appearances. The Sloughs currently have 15 wolves, including six adults and nine pups. This is a far cry from their high count of 22 earlier this fall—before the apparent dispersal of the females 527F and “Sharp Right”, plus the deaths of the two-year-old female “Slant” and a black pup (both killed by the Druids), the death of another black pup (found in Slough Creek), and the unexplained disappearance of two more pups.

We watched one day at Slough Creek where the Sloughs had been feeding on a carcass. I was especially struck by the memorable sight of 12 of the Slough’s 13 blacks etched against the bright, white snow as they made their way single file up a steep hillside behind the campground.

We soon discovered that the missing black was “The Dark Female.” She arrived at the carcass to eat only after the others had gone up the hill to bed, leading us to suspect that her current position in the pack hierarchy is low. As the only Slough female who apparently did not get pregnant last spring, she and the (now deceased) former alpha male were the only providers for possibly six mothers and their litters.

Her low rank was apparent on another day when we watched the Sloughs high on a ridge behind the Buffalo Ranch. The Slough alpha female, 380F, seemed determined to punish and dominate “The Dark Female.” She was forced to slink in with a tucked tail and a groveling approach, begging favor from 380F.

In fact, it looks like 380F wants to get rid of almost all of her competition for the upcoming breeding season. Only beta 526F and “Hook” have escaped her wrath. Over the last month or so, 380F has persecuted both 527F and “Sharp Right,” to the extent that they have apparently dispersed from the pack.

While 527F has sometimes been seen with the Idaho Wolf B271M, that match is not set in stone. Just today, 527F’s little group included “Sharp Right” and yet another unidentified gray male, all snoozing away together on a snow-covered rock south of the Slough Creek parking lot. Meanwhile, B271M traveled alone over near Tower Junction. I wish that “The Dark Female” could escape 380F’s persecution and perhaps hook up with 527F’s group or B271M.

Even though I’ve watched a lot of wolves, I have never witnessed such a dramatic predation sequence as occurred on December 27 in Soda Butte Valley. Just after daybreak, the Druids chased a six point bull elk right towards the amazed watchers.

All 16 Druids had been bedded on a little hill just west of us when they suddenly jumped up and ran at a group of four big bulls in a gully at the bottom of the hill. I’ll never forget the sight of those eight antlers waving around in a mass of confusion just over the rise as the wolves attacked.

One bull broke out of the group and ran, a costly mistake. The wolves swarmed all over him as he kicked out, running somewhat slowly. It all appeared to happen in slow motion, and it seemed to take a long time to bring him down. Even then, he did not go quickly. He kept struggling to rise and put on a valiant defense, but 16 wolves and the deep snow were just too much for him. The whole scene had a surreal quality–almost like it wasn’t really happening.

As a keystone species, wolves give us the opportunity to experience both the beauty and brutality of wild nature. They can teach us much about the circle of life. We had been privileged to witness nature’s desperate struggle of life and death and could only feel great respect for the hunters and the hunted alike.



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  1. Chuck Avatar

    Kathie thank you for the update, wished I could be over there to watch them again.

  2. Mark Avatar

    Another wonderful report. I am very excited as a buddy of mine and I have a camping trip planned for the northern range in seven days now!

  3. Izabelam Avatar

    thank you so much for this update.
    I am so happy for Druids doing well, especially after losing my Haydens..
    Where are they? any news about them?

    Thank you and happy new year. Lets hope we can protect our wolves so they can enjoy their life in YSNP area.

  4. Kathryn Avatar

    Thank you for your reports. For those of us who wish we were there, it is a privilege to read your descriptions- it makes me feel like I am there.

    I’m curious about Haydens too….

    Thank you for your hard work.

  5. TallTrent Avatar

    The West Yellowstone News has a front page article about winter wolf watching this week:


  6. Dave Collins Avatar
    Dave Collins

    Thanks for the update!

  7. Jan Avatar

    Thanks again, Kathie! So, good old 302M is 7 1/2 years old, huh? Trying to tell myself to be ready when his time comes, but…oh well, I imagine him as gorgeous as ever from your wonderful reports!
    Happy New Year,

  8. Ross Forsyth Avatar

    What a fantastic report,thanks very much!!
    Have only just seen “Valley of Wolves” tonight here in the UK and reading your report just adds on perfectly to what I have just watched.

    Look forward to reading more updates from you guys,keep up the good work.

  9. ghost grizzly Avatar
    ghost grizzly

    Does anyone know if there has ever been a study on the economic impact of wolf reintroduction to the three state area?
    I am curious as to much revenue does wolf watching and related activities generate each year in Montana, Idaho and Wyoming?

  10. Elli Avatar

    Thanks a lot Kathie.
    I can’t wait to be back again. See you in Lamar in February.
    Happy New Year

  11. Douglass in NC Avatar
    Douglass in NC

    Thanks so much for this great report. Will be there Jan. 7-11 and can’t wait!

  12. Douglass, NC Avatar
    Douglass, NC

    Great report as always. Will be there Jan. 6-11 and can’t wait!

  13. Michael Williams Avatar
    Michael Williams


    Thanks for the report. I’m wondering about the Haydens as well. I heard the black pup of the Haydens and one surviving adult had been seen in the Mammouth area after being chased from the Madison area. Any word on my favorite 113?
    Michael Williams

  14. nellie of oklahoma Avatar
    nellie of oklahoma

    Thank you Kathie for your report. You are so privilege to be able to go to Yellowstone so often. My family and I met you in summer of 06 (June). We were watching the Agates on Dunraven Pass. We are planning a trip in early June 08. I am really excited. I hope the wolves will still be close to watch!!!!

  15. Donna NC Avatar
    Donna NC


    Your reports keep me going when not in YNP!

    Go Druids! 1st saw them in 2000 #21 and #42.
    Saw #302 in 2003 and 2006. Hope to return fall this year.

    Douglass from NC where are you? I live in HP.

  16. Jimmy Jones Avatar
    Jimmy Jones

    As always, a very informative in depth summary Kathie. You do a great job of covering a lot of ground in just one report.

  17. Kathy Miller Avatar
    Kathy Miller

    Thank you for your detailed reports. It was good to see you over the Thanksgiving Holiday and I look forward to watching those amazing critters with you again soon.

  18. Mike Wilson Avatar
    Mike Wilson

    Another well crafted report. Thanks so much for all of your efforts. Your kindness in the field sets a high standard for all.

  19. Kathryn Avatar

    To you guys from North Carolina:

    I live in the Boone area – let me know where you are!

  20. robert Avatar

    Hello. Does anyone have any imformation on the wolf sighting in northern colorado. It was sighted in a national park wednesday of last week. I heard about it on the TV news station while I was staying in a motel thursday nite. I didn’t see anything in the colorado news paper the next day. But the did say that it would be protected by law cause it was in a national park. Sorry I forgot the park name, I was to engrossed in just hearing the good news. Let me know, thanks, Robert

  21. nancy Avatar

    Kathie thank you for your wonderful report…..again I feel as though I am there……

  22. wolf gal Avatar
    wolf gal

    Ghost grizzly-
    There was an economic study done on the impacts wolf reintroduction. Unfortunately, the author’s names escape me at the moment. But if I come across it I’ll get back to you, sorry.

    Michael Williams-
    Sorry to report that 113M hasn’t been seen since mid October.

  23. mac nelson Avatar

    Wow! Great stuff, Kathie. Thanks, Mac


Dr. Ralph Maughan is professor emeritus of political science at Idaho State University. He was a Western Watersheds Project Board Member off and on for many years, and was also its President for several years. For a long time he produced Ralph Maughan’s Wolf Report. He was a founder of the Greater Yellowstone Coalition. He and Jackie Johnson Maughan wrote three editions of “Hiking Idaho.” He also wrote “Beyond the Tetons” and “Backpacking Wyoming’s Teton and Washakie Wilderness.” He created and is the administrator of The Wildlife News.

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Ralph Maughan