This is from Wilderness and Environmental Medicine: Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 245–249.

Also avoid areas with high human use.


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About The Author

Ralph Maughan

Dr. Ralph Maughan is professor emeritus of political science at Idaho State University with specialties in natural resource politics, public opinion, interest groups, political parties, voting and elections. Aside from academic publications, he is author or co-author of three hiking/backpacking guides, and he is past President of the Western Watersheds Project and the creator of The Wildlife News.

One Response to Want safe backcountry water? Avoid areas with cattle

  1. Brian Ertz says:

    good paper.

    88 to 100 % prevalence of coliforms in cattle grazed wilderness watersheds, compared to 9% in ungrazed. They point out that each cow use day is equal to 100 to 120 human use days, in regard to waste pollution.

    water is becoming increasingly valuable — clean and abundance of (storage through season) water for communities is another casualty of the public land livestock industry.



‎"At some point we must draw a line across the ground of our home and our being, drive a spear into the land and say to the bulldozers, earthmovers, government and corporations, “thus far and no further.” If we do not, we shall later feel, instead of pride, the regret of Thoreau, that good but overly-bookish man, who wrote, near the end of his life, “If I repent of anything it is likely to be my good behaviour."

~ Edward Abbey

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