Kathie Lynch: end of the year Yellowstone Park wolf notes-

Wolf watching good in cold and snowy Yellowstone-

Once again Kathie Lynch has favored us with her detailed observations of the wolves on Yellowstone’s northern range. The redistribution of the much reduced wolf population continues, with the Druids providing a note of stability.

Famous wolf 302M seems to now, finally, lead a pack, although mating season is upon us and often causes even more wolf pack restructuring.

Here are three previous links to put Lynch’s report in context:

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Yellowstone wolf notes

by © Kathie Lynch

The holidays in Yellowstone–a winter wonderland of endless snow, howling winds, temperatures barely above and sometimes below zero degrees F, icy roads, very occasional sunshine (one day in two weeks!)–and wonderful surprises, including a Christmas grizzly and wolves whenever or wherever you could find them. Luckily, the Druid Peak pack, 302M’s Group, the Canyon Group, 471F’s Group, 470F’s Group (the “Everts Pack”), and even the elusive former Slough 527F all contributed to make it a true Wonderland for wolf watchers!

The Druids (always first and foremost on every wolf watcher’s wish list) did not disappoint. Currently numbering 13, they obliged by showing up fairly often, in places ranging from the confluence (at the east end of Lamar Valley) to as far west as the Tower Junction area. The eight blacks and five grays in the main group include alphas 480M and 569F, plus four two-year-old females (571F, “Bright Bar,” “White Line,” and “Low Sides”),  two yearlings (645F and a black female), and five surviving pups (four blacks and one gray).

In November, three two-year-old females left the pack, and only one, “Low Sides,” has returned. It was interesting to watch “Low Sides” return as she cautiously hung out around the fringes. Various pack members approached and greeted her, but the alphas did not pay any attention to her. After a few days, she once again became an accepted member of the pack. The whereabouts of the other two females who have been away, “High Sides” and “Dull Bar,” is unknown. A solitary black which was spotted several times in Little America probably was not “Dull Bar” after all.

The big news, of course, is that former Druid beta 302M is still away from the Druid pack and has formed a new group of six Druid males and three Agate Creek pack females. Besides 302M, the group of nine (five blacks and four grays) includes five Druid male yearlings (“Big Brown,” “the High Sided Yearling,”-not the same as the Druid two-year-old female “High Sides”-and also a third gray and two husky blacks). The three Agates include the black yearling 642F and two two-year-old females, one gray and one light silvery black.

The undisputed lord and master of his group, 302M leads his devoted followers over hill and dale, all the way from Little America west through Hellroaring Valley to the Blacktail Plateau. They have even been seen crossing the road at Undine Falls, less than four miles east of Mammoth! Born to the Leopold pack in 2000, 302M is very much at home on the Blacktail, and the recent disintegration of the Oxbow and Leopold packs has left a huge and inviting territory just begging to be filled and mostly miles away from people.

Often detected by telemetry, but not as often seen, 302M gave watchers a big thrill on the morning of January 3 as his group appeared bedded just west of the nature trail near North Butte on the Blacktail Plateau. The old man (302M will be nine years old in April!) gazed calmly into watchers’ scopes and then rose to lead his troops in a magnificent rally howl. It was a beautiful sight and sound to behold!

The big question is whether 302M’s Group will hold together with the breeding season in February fast approaching. Always one to travel far and wide in search of the perfect girl, will 302M be satisfied with his three Agate females, or will he love them and leave them to his five Druid nephews? And, will they stay or go looking for love too?

The spunky and courageous gray Agate female yearling “Half Tail” (who broke one rear leg and lost half of her tail when hit by a truck as a pup) was also originally with the group, but she has since disappeared. We all hope that she may have rejoined the Agate Creek pack alpha group, if they still exist. The group of possibly only five other members (alpha 472F–former mate of legendary former Agate alpha 113M–and alpha 383M and three other grays) has no working collars and is rarely detected, although a couple of them were observed near a carcass in the Gardiner River canyon somewhat recently.

The Canyon Group saved many a wolf watching day as they frequented the Mammoth Hot Springs area. They were easy to find because they liked to bed down for the night on the slopes of Mt. Everts above the Gardner River, directly facing the Mammoth campground. A healthy looking bunch, they must have liked to get their beauty sleep, because they were usually still in the same place the following morning. After a nice stretch and group howl or tail wagging greeting, they often headed off toward the High Bridge east of the Yellowstone Chapel, crossed the road to the south, visited the travertine terraces and then headed back to Everts for a good night’s sleep.

The Canyon Group’s small, light gray alpha female is the daughter of the famous white wolf, Hayden alpha 540F, and is also the mother of the famous Hayden black pup (now 638M, whereabouts unknown) who brought so much joy to wolf watchers in the summer of 2007. The group also includes a black male (thought to be the alpha, although all four group members do raised leg urinations, a sign of dominance), a gray male, and 587M, who was collared while with the Mollie’s pack. The group originally had two or three pups in 2008, but the longest surviving pup, a beautiful gray, disappeared in November and is presumed dead.

The Canyon’s only competition in the Mammoth area comes from the flannel gray Agate disperser 471F and her two rag-tag companions, a black with a mangy tail and a pathetically mangy gray. We have been unable to verify if 471F herself has any mange. She has led a tough life since dispersing from the Agate Creek pack a year ago after breeding with the Leopold alpha male, 534M (now dead). She denned away from the Agates, and, if she had pups, they did not survive. During the summer and fall, she was spotted occasionally with a few others in Leopold pack territory on the Blacktail Plateau. Her current little group seems to persist in the Mammoth area by evading the Canyon Group and scavenging on kills.

Another disperser who started her own group is 470F. Born a Leopold, she joined the Oxbow Creek pack when it formed in 2006 and then founded her own group in 2008. Since the group appears to have successfully raised at least two pups to the end of December (a feat accomplished by no other Northern Range pack except the Druids in 2008), 470F’s Group may count as a new pack and be named the Everts Pack.

Although they usually stay out of sight high up on Mt. Everts, we were lucky to see six blacks and two grays recently. One black, presumably a pup, was especially fun to watch as it lay down on its side and slid, nose first, downhill on the snow and then got up to do it again and again! Another interesting member of the group is an uncollared black female who was born a Leopold and has been around for years. Variously referred to as “The Old Black Female,” “The Limping Black,” and “The Everts’ Female,” she somehow survives, even though she disappears for a year or more at a time.

And, yet another enterprising and successful disperser, the former Slough Creek wolf 527F, also started her own group a year ago. Seldom seen, 527F’s Group inhabits the high reaches to the north of the Lamar River in Little America. We were very lucky to see her group one day way, way up and far, far away on the upper slopes of Hellroaring Mountain. At that distance (3-4 miles?), all we could see was a group of five, including three blacks and two grays. The usual male with her group last breeding season was a big gray, and it is hoped that they may have successfully raised pups. But, they have been so elusive, we just don’t know.

The Sloughs themselves have suffered hard times since the Druids have retaken Lamar Valley and have also made themselves at home in Slough Creek and west to Elk Creek. During November, the Slough alpha male, 590M, was often detected alone and far to the west. In December, he was seen with four other blacks and three grays to the north of the Park. The identities of the other wolves in his group are unknown since the colors do not match those of the surviving Sloughs, which include only one gray.

We feared that the Slough Creek pack had dissolved after the devastating deaths of six members since last July (one due to illness and five killed by other wolves). Consequently, we were overjoyed to discover seven survivors dining on a carcass below Hellroaring Overlook in late November. They included alpha female “Hook” and six yearlings (five blacks and one gray). In the absence of 590M, one big black yearling, the only male, assumed the alpha position, proudly carrying his tail high.

One other female disperser, Leopold 469F, also formed the nucleus for a new group, which may be named the Quadrant Pack. The group includes a black alpha male, a gray male and a black female. They inhabit Swan Lake flats and produced two pups in 2008 near the Indian Creek campground. Neither pup is thought to have survived. Due to winter road closures, only those who travel south from Mammoth by snowcoach or skis have a chance of seeing this group.

The big wildlife news was the totally unexpected, marvelously entertaining and easily visible Christmas grizzly! He first appeared on December 20, when he took an elk carcass away from 302M’s Group, only about 100 yards north of the road at Geode Creek (not too far west of Hellroaring Overlook). Until he finally wandered away on December 25, he thrilled visitors and photographers as he lay atop or sat next to the carcass for six days. He spent a lot of time trying to sleep, but just couldn’t seem to get comfortable. His favorite pastimes included rolling around, playing with his feet (My, what big claws!), stretching, arranging grasses for a bed, and chasing away ravens, magpies, coyotes and the occasional wolf. On December 29, a grizzly, perhaps the same one, was also spotted in the Tower Junction area. Hopefully, all of the bears have now settled down for a long winter’s nap.

We must be thankful for the incredible gifts that Yellowstone offers to everyone lucky enough to be there, even if only in spirit. Not knowing when or if it will happen again, I treasure every moment that the wild animals allow me to share. Seeing 302M gaze serenely in my direction in all his glory is a gift beyond compare.




  1. Drew Avatar

    What would we do without Katie! Thanks very much for taking the time to share with “the world” outside of Yellowstone.

  2. Virginia Avatar

    Thank you again, Kathy! Your descriptions give me hope that the wolves will survive through difficult circumstances better than we people seem to do. You have given us all a great holiday present and made me realize that it has been too long since we have been to Yellowstone (last wolf watching trip the day before they closed the East entrance – seems like ages ago.) We hope to talk with you up there again this spring.

  3. lh Avatar

    Kathie, thank you so much for such great detail and information!

  4. Salle Avatar

    So the grizzlies aren’t hibernating much anymore, that’s a disturbing sign. Though I do appreciate Kathie’s story-telling talents…

  5. tetonhiker Avatar

    Thank you as always for your wonderful information. Wishing you the the best 2009 and lots of wolf watching!

  6. Brian Ertz Avatar

    this is phenomenal – thanks Kathie !

  7. IzabelaM Avatar

    thank you very much for you report.
    I always worry if I dont’ hear from you soon enough…
    Best for 2009..may the spirit of past away wolves protect you and all wolves lovers..

  8. Terry Nissen Avatar
    Terry Nissen

    Thanks Kathie for that great report. I’m counting down the days till I get back out there. Only 20 more days to go and I’ll be there for two wonderful weeks. Let the snow fall and the wolves howl. Really hope to get a look at 302 and his group. I always feel priviledged when they let us get a chance to see them. It’s too exciting to describe.

  9. Kathie Lynch Avatar
    Kathie Lynch

    About those “sometimes below zero” winter temperatures I mentioned–this morning (January 4) it was MINUS THIRTY DEGREES F in Lamar Valley!

  10. teklanikaphotos Avatar

    Thanks for another excellent wolf report Kathie – stay warm up there!

  11. Cheryl Avatar

    Thank you for the update, I always look forward to them. I hope to see you again when we come up to the park Jan. 22.
    Happy New Year!

  12. Jan Avatar

    Thanks, Kathie, and Happy New Year to you!

  13. Don George Avatar
    Don George

    Kathie,,,Thanks for the update. Having health problems I can’t get out as often as I did. Your updates cause my mind to get off myself and I love visualizing each area as you describe it. Its second best to being there myself.
    Happy New Year! and thanks again.

  14. Ron and Mona Finney Avatar
    Ron and Mona Finney

    Katie, we were with Brad Bulin from the Yellowstone Association on the Wolf Discovery trip the week between Christmas and New Years and think we met up with you the first night you saw the Canyon Group near Mt. Everts. You were so gracious and let us use your spotting scope. What a wonderful adventure we had and thank you for your interest and sharing your joy with others!

  15. Alice Counts Avatar
    Alice Counts

    I have been checking daily since the first of the year hoping for a report. I made my first winter trip to Yellowstone in 2005 and will finally get in another winter trip this Feb. But I do get back there more frequently in the spring and the fall. Your notes keep the spirit of Yellowstone and the wolves alive. Thank you.

  16. Jim Avatar

    I just want to clarify. The canyon group is currently in the Mt. Everts area and there is also a new pack called the Mt. Everts pack, correct?

  17. Kathie Lynch Avatar
    Kathie Lynch

    Jim: The Canyon Group was often bedded on the slopes of Mt. Everts (across from the Mammoth campground) when I was in YNP in December/early January. But, the Canyon Group is different from 470F’s Group (the “Everts pack”), which we saw on the other end of Mt. Everts, in the Blacktail Lakes area (i.e., well east of Mammoth). Confusing, I know!

  18. Jim Avatar

    Thanks Kathie. I always look forward to your reports!

  19. Steve Torrey Avatar
    Steve Torrey

    Dear Gang – Wolf Gang,

    On December 26, 2008 the wolf watchers disturbed wolves at Mammoth. Among the “hill and dales” between the High Bridge SOUTH (not east) of Mammoth and the Chapel in Mammoth and SOUTHWEST of the heliport, wolf watchers and photgs alike parked in the icy road and approached the wolves and scared them off. No citations have been issued as yet – stay tuned!

    Steve Torrey

  20. Peter Kiermeir Avatar
    Peter Kiermeir

    Seems quite a few bears are out this winter all over the northern hemisphere. After the “Yellowstone Christmas Grizzly”, todays news is from the central Romanian region of Covasna, where a brown bear sow with cubs mauled a hiker. The man died from his injuries in hospital one day after the mauling. At the moment temperatures are relatively mild in the region that is normally known for harsh winters. Romania has Europes largest bear population with around 5000 individuals. Many bears however are habituated “problem bears” because in ruler Ceaucescu´s era bears have even been raised and released for hunting. Every year there are many human/bear conflicts with casualities.

  21. debbie Avatar

    thankyou for the report. i will be at the buffalo ranch in 2 weeks watching the wolves and renewing my spirit.

  22. Ralph Maughan Avatar


    I read that the brown bears (which are what would actually be called grizzly bears in North America) were fed enormous amounts of food so that Ceaucescu could personally go out a shoot many bears.

  23. Kristina Avatar

    I love reading your reports!! Since I am only able to get to Yellowstone in the fall, your reports keep me up to date. Will you be spending time in Yellowstone this Summer??
    Thanks so much


Dr. Ralph Maughan is professor emeritus of political science at Idaho State University. He was a Western Watersheds Project Board Member off and on for many years, and was also its President for several years. For a long time he produced Ralph Maughan’s Wolf Report. He was a founder of the Greater Yellowstone Coalition. He and Jackie Johnson Maughan wrote three editions of “Hiking Idaho.” He also wrote “Beyond the Tetons” and “Backpacking Wyoming’s Teton and Washakie Wilderness.” He created and is the administrator of The Wildlife News.

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